Falklands War 1982

xxBattle of Goose Green

With the beachhead secure, and no real move made against the British Forces, a period of digging in and consolidation occurred from 21 May onward. The daily air attacks continued, but largely aimed at the ships of the Task Force and away from the landing areas. On 26 May, the Argentine commanders moved most of the 12th Infantry Regiment from the Mount Kent area, overlooking the valley approach to Stanley, to the Goose Green garrison. This was reported by an SAS observation team near Mount Kent, and the reinforced Goose Green garrison took on a more sinister aspect as it was the closest Argentine outpost of any size from which a counter-attack could be launched. more


The Black Buck raids

The Black Buck raids were a series of five attacks on the Islands by RAF Vulcan bombers, staged from Wideawake airbase on Ascension Island, close to the equator.
On 1 May operations against the Falklands opened with the Black Buck 1 attack by on the airfield at Stanley. The Vulcan had originally been designed for medium-range stand-off nuclear missions in Europe and did not have the range to fly to the Falklands, requiring several in-flight refueling. The RAF's tanker planes were mostly converted Victors with similar range, so they too had to be refueled in the air. Thus a total force of 11 tankers were required for only two Vulcans, a massive logistical effort, given both tankers and bombers had to use the same strip. The attack yielded only a single hit on the runway. Only minutes after the RAF's Black Buck 1, nine FAA Sea Harriers from Hermes followed up the raid by dropping cluster bombs on Stanley and the smaller grass airstrip at Goose Green. Both missions scored aircraft kills on the ground, as well as causing some damage to the airfield infrastructure. The aircraft had taken off from the deck of HMS Invincible, and although attached BBC reporter Brian Hanrahan was forbidden to divulge the number of planes involved, he came up with the memorable phrase "I counted them all out and I counted them all back". more

xxSinking of HMS Sheffield

HMS Sheffield (D80) was the second Royal Navy ship to bear the name Sheffield, after the city of Sheffield in Yorkshire. She was a Type 42 Guided Missile Destroyer laid down by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering at Barrow-in-Furness on 15 January 1970, launched on 10 June 1971 and commissioned on 16 February 1975. The ship was part of the Task Force sent to the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War. She was struck by an Exocet cruise missile fired by a French-made Dassault Super Étendard belonging to the Argentine Navy on 4 May 1982 and sunk on the 10 May 1982. more

xxLt Col. H. Jones VC

On 28th May 1982, Lieutenant Colonel Jones was commanding 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment on operations on the Falklands Islands. The Battalion was ordered to attack enemy positions in and around the settlements of Darwin and Goose Green. During the attack against an enemy who was well dug in with mutually supporting positions sited in depth, the Battalion was held up just South of Darwin by a particurarily well-prepared and resilient enemy position of at least eleven trenches on an important ridge. more

xx3 Commando Brigade's job was to establish a bridgehead before the Army's 5th Infantry Brigade (5th Inf Bde) arrived to help complete the recapture of the Falklands. Its teeth were three Royal Marine Commandos each with three rifle companies of 120 men each, one HQ and one support company, all backed up by a number of other Marine and commando-trained Army units. The Army also provided strong reinforcements including the 3rd Battalion The Parachute Regt, and later the 2nd Battalion, both from 5th Inf Bde. Main infantry weapons were the 7.62mm SLR rifle and 7.62mm general purpose machine gun, more

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